Many studies of gambling have focused on the economic aspects of the industry. The economic impacts of gambling, however, do not consider the social consequences. The social costs of gambling are not quantified, but can be classified as harms to people or the economy as a whole. Small businesses, in particular, face issues with staff retention, shop rents, and operating costs. These effects can affect the health of individuals and the health of society. Nevertheless, it is possible to study the social costs of gambling.
Some researchers have tried to quantify the economic, social, and societal impacts of gambling. This has been difficult because it ignores the benefits of gambling. The economic costs of gambling involve assigning a monetary value to intangible harms that are not directly measurable, such as the pain experienced by a problem gambler. These impacts can range from a loss of income to social discord and homelessness. Some studies have shown that the impacts of gambling can be severe.
Several states have legalized gambling. However, some still restrict the activity. Although gambling is legal in most states, it is illegal in Utah and Hawaii. These states are home to many Mormons, and their personal beliefs will often determine the regulations in these states. In Hawaii, residents also worry about how gambling may affect their family relationships. Some states do not permit gambling, such as Idaho, but they do allow betting on sports events and poker sites. The legality of gambling is dependent on state law.